Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد Baġdād, Persian: بغداد) , meaning “Given by God (in Persian)”, is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate, with which it is coterminous. Having a municipal population estimated between 5 and 7.5 million, it is the largest city in Iraq and one of the two largest in the Arab World (including Cairo). Located on the River Tigris, the city dates back to the 8th century and was once the centre of the Muslim world .
Baghdad was founded in the 8th century following an Arab victory over a larger Persian army. Baghdad was the seat of the Abbasid caliphate from the 9th to the 13th centuries. During this era, it became the center of Islamic learning and international trade. Modern Iraqis proudly look back to this period as the golden age of Islamic civilization. Baghdad was one of the three seats of provincial Ottoman rule, and was maintained as a Sunni buffer against the Shia Safavid Empire in Iran. With more than 5 million people, Baghdad is the largest and most diverse city in Iraq. It is approximately 70% Shia. It is home to many important religious and cultural sites dating to the Abbasid period, including shrines of great Imams such as Sheik al-Ghailani, who established the Sufi order al-Qadiriya, and Imam al-A’dham, who developed Islamic jurisprudence .
Current local time and weather conditions in Baghdad
Most of the famous Muslim scholars from the 9th to 13th centuries had their educational roots in Baghdad. One of the most famous centers of learning was Bayt al-Hikmah (the House of Wisdom), which attracted scholars from all over the world, from many cultures and religions. Here, teachers and students worked together to translate Greek manuscripts, preserving them for all time. They studied the works of Aristotle, Plato, Hippocrates, Euclid, and Pythagoras. The House of Wisdom was home to, among others, the most famous mathematician of the time: Al-Khawarizmi, the “father” of algebra (which is named after his book “Kitab al-Jabr”) .
and now … after US intrusion …
Suicide bomber kills 13 pilgrims
A female suicide bomber blew herself up, killing 13 Shiite pilgrims in north-eastern Baghdad and wounding 38 others, the office of Baghdad security spokesman said.
The attack took place as thousands of Shiite Muslims flooded the streets at the start of an arduous trek to the southern city of Kerbala, 80 kilometres south-west of Baghdad, for the religious rite of Arbain .
from BBC …
Suicide bomb kills Iraqi pilgrims in Baghdad
At least 16 people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack on pilgrims in north-east Baghdad, police say.
A woman detonated her suicide vest in Boub El Sham district at a refreshment stall as pilgrims walked by .
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